Steps To Preventing Medication Errors

Medication errors occur every day, both in the health care setting and at home.

In the hospital, medicines pass through a series of steps to prevent possible errors before reaching the patient.

“Checks are in place at the point when medicine is prescribed, when the prescription order is documented, when the medication is dispensed and when the prescribed medicine is administered to the patient,” says Diane Cousins, R.Ph., vice president, Department of Patient Safety Standards Division at the United States Pharmacopeia (USP). “The patient is also monitored to assess any response to the medication-all in an effort to ensure patient safety.”

• Talk with your doctor, pharmacist or other health care professionals about safe medication use. Keep an up-to-date list of medicines and dietary supplements you use, and always ask questions about any concerns or thoughts.

• Know your medicines by being aware of when, how and how long to use them. Also know what to do if you miss a dose, and whether or not there are any side effects.

• Read the label and follow directions. Always double-check that you have the right medicine, particularly if you are refilling a prescription, and never combine medicines in the same bottle. Make sure you understand the directions.

• Avoid interactions. Before starting any new medicine or dietary supplement, ask your health care provider or pharmacist if there are possible interactions with what you are currently using. Whenever possible, use the same pharmacy for all your prescriptions.

• Monitor your medicines’ effects and the effects of other medications or supplements you take. Pay attention to how you are feeling and write down the changes so that you can remember to tell your health care provider or pharmacist. If you experience any side effects, contact your health care provider immediately.

Treatment For Bacterial Vaginitis

Bacterial Vaginitis is an inflammation of the vagina which is caused by excessive growth of the bacteria called Gardnerella vaginitis, already present in the vagina. Gardnerella vaginitis is not solely responsible for this problem. When these different species of bacteria are imbalanced the vaginal discharge gives out a foul odor. Excess discharge and foul odor are the most common symptoms of this disease.

Even though the exact cause is unknown this disease mainly spreads through sexual intercourse, douching, use of intrauterine birth control device (IUD). It is one of the most common types of vaginal infection found in women. Even though there are quick remedies and medicines for this disease, if not treated on time it can be very dangerous. It may cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), endometritis, cervcitis, pregnancy complication and post-operative infection.

Home Remedies for Bacterial Vaginitis

• A good hygiene becomes very important if you want to stay away from bacterial vaginitis.

• Wear clean and properly washed underwear because the detergent residue may just cause an itching problem.

• Always wipe from front to back whenever you visit the toilet or otherwise to avoid the transfer of germs from rectal to genital area.

• If you have a bathtub see to it that it is properly cleansed as it is one of the favorite places for germs to reside.

• Have a warm bath, if possible without soap as it may cause irritation to the genital tissue. Soap removes natural oils from your body and also makes you defenseless against the germs. This aggravates your problem of vaginal infection.

• Drink at least four ounces of pure cranberry juice everyday to fight this bacterial disease.

• Having eight-ounces of yoghurt everyday keep women away from frequent problems of bacterial vaginitis or vaginosis. The acidophilus bacteria present in the yoghurt helps in creating a healthy bacterial environment.

• If the vagina is swollen you can use plain tea bag soaked in water, cooled in refrigerator to be applied externally to prevent itching. The tannin in tea gives a soothing touch.

• You can also use cold compress which alleviates the swelling and itching of the vagina. The cooling factor squeezes the blood vessels and prevents it from swelling and turning red.

• Avoid tight clothes and try to wear cotton panties which absorb moisture and provide good air circulation.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Using Vitamins to Prevent Alzheimer’s

Understanding what happens when an individual develops Alzheimer’s is still something that is being investigated. What scientists do know about Alzheimer’s is that it is a slow-developing disease of the brain that is characterized by dying brain cells. While the direct cause is unknown, it is theorized that the death of the cells is attributed to a lack of chemicals necessary to keep brain cells healthy.

After the age of 20, human brain cells (neurons) start to die at a rate of about 9000 per day. This results in a natural decline of mental acuity. There are reports that some vitamins can help to restore brain cells, but these reports are highly controversial. Once brain cells die, there really is no way to restore them. What scientists focus on is how to prevent Alzheimer’s. In the last few years, scientists have been testing the effects of vitamins on the brain. Those that seem to provide the most benefit are vitamins C and E.

In the world of vitamin supplementation, vitamin C and E are building blocks of good health. These vitamins are antioxidants that has proven beneficial in numerous health conditions, including heart disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and stress. The body normally produces enough vitamin C and E in the body to protect the brain from damage from free radicals. However, the amount of vitamin C may be depleted by factors, such as diet and genetics. Scientists believe that taking 500 milligrams of vitamin C and 500 milligrams of vitamin E daily protects brain cells from premature destruction, a key to Alzheimer’s prevention.

These recommended amounts of vitamin C and E supplementation to prevent Alzheimer’s is way beyond what is recommended for general health. Before you consider taking these vitamins, you should discuss your plans with a medical doctor. Excessive amounts of vitamin C are flushed out in the urine and don’t usually cause serious problems, but excessive amounts of vitamin E can result in some unpleasant side effects. As with any vitamins or medication, you should store them in a location that is out of reach from children. Vitamins C and E can cause serious problems in children.

Viagra and Its Relatives

This is a universal truth that it is really a difficult task to restrain the thoughts and desire of having sex. This is an unquestionable fact. But the real problem arises when your mind is willing to have a shot but the physical conditions don’t cooperate with your mind. But as said by Uncle Sam, where there is a problem, there is a solution. When the problem is as serious and hazardous as ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION, surely there is time to go for a definitive savior and to buy ‘GENERIC VIAGRA’.

Generic Viagra is sold by many names such as sildenafil citrate, cavirta, silagra, meltabs, kamagra, penegra, kamagra oral jelly, and viagra soft tabs. Erectile dysfunction, formerly called impotency is a physical condition under which a man is not able to get and/or hold the erection for the time to have complete sex. It is hard for everyone to talk about penis because there is a mentality that it is a private part of the body and it should not be discussed openly in society.

But the fact is that it is also a part of male structure and is there to finish some jobs. Generally, we use muscles to move our body. But in penis the process is little different from whole body. Not a single muscle works in making a penis erected. Instead it uses pressure. The pressurized blood is used to make penis rigid and stiff. The penis contains two cigar-shaped or tube-shaped structures, called corpora cavernosa (singular – corpus cavernosum), which it uses to become erect.

When man gets sexually aroused the arteries brings blood to this structure and when the arousal is over veins carry blood back from them. Thus the mechanism of erection depends on the flow of blood. When this system is disturbed the case of ED emerges. In such cases, penegra is used but this should be noted that it does not cure this problem of erectile dysfunction but only provides an option for getting erection and that too only if the man is sexually aroused.

Just like Viagra is manufactured and marketed by Pfizer pharmaceutical company, this drug is made and sold by ranbaxy. Generic viagra, also known as cavirta or penegra and it is a powerful and effectual treatment for the patients suffering from the problem of erectile dysfunction regardless of their age and the length of the time of this problem. This pill is taken orally which helps in getting the penis erected and also helps in maintaining this erection until the sexual satisfaction is achieved. It works as a sexual stimulator.

The ingredients and USP of generic viagra is almost same as of viagra hence it works in the same style as viagra. At this point, this question might arise. Why generic viagra? Well, the answer is very much proved. The first reason for ‘why generic viagra’ is that it is as safe as the original version i.e. viagra. It’s much cheaper than viagra. The effectiveness of cavirta or generic viagra is one hundred percent equal to viagra. Penegra, the generic version of viagra and viagra both consists of huge amount of 100 mg of a chemical called sildenafil citrate.

Both these drugs are equivalent to each other in terms of chemical composition so there is no point worrying about the originality and the compatibility of the drug. One interesting and useful thing about this version of viagra is that it can help many more people overcome their problem of ED because of its low cost.

If the man is suffering from ED the making of cGMP is lessened which relaxes the arteries in the penis by an enzyme called as PDE5. Because of which arteries do not open sufficiently and the required amount of blood to get erection does not reach in penis. Penegra reduces the effect of PDE5. When taken, sildenafil citrate travels to penis in blood and makes it ineffective to much extent.

When the man is aroused sexually, the brain sends the normal message to the NANC cells in the penis, which produces nitric oxide. The nitric oxide creates cGMP, which starts relaxing the arteries in his penis. Since the PDE5 has been disabled, the cGMP in the penis does not break down. This cGMP allows the arteries to expand completely and the man gets a full erection.

The dosage of this generic viagra or penegra is pretty simple as it is in the case of its senior sister viagra. It is a pill that is taken orally approximately forty-five minutes before starting any sexual activity. Normally, 100 mg pill is advised once daily. This pill works best when it is used along with sexual stimulation. Penegra starts its magic in bout 30 minutes after consuming this pill and this magic can stay up to 4 hours. If this pill is taken after a high-fat food, it might take a bit more time to get started. Penegra or generic viagra can be taken in both the cases i.e., if a man is suffering from erectile dysfunction or if he wants to enjoy sex life more by getting good and prolonged erection. It does not mean that anyone can have cavirta or generic viagra to enjoy sex.

Like all other pills used to tackle the problem of ED, cavirta or generic viagra can also cause some side effects. These are very familiar side effects such as headache, flushing of the face, dizziness and upset stomach. Side effects like temporary change in color vision and blurred vision may also occur. In very rare cases, an erection can stay even more than four hours and this is also a side effect of Penegra. Heart attack, stroke, irregular heartbeats and death are also noticed in people taking penegra. Penegra may cause other side effects also besides those listed in this report.

Generic Viagra or cavirta meets the strictest guidelines and rules made by FDA. These rules and regulations are checked and revised from time to time to check any discrepancy. This is the best and finest assurance, anyone can ask for while using or buying generic viagra. So, it’s not a good thought to walk away from generic viagra thinking that it’s fake viagra. The smarter men are those who save the money by buying cheap generic viagra or cavirta instead of expensive Viagra and enjoy their sexual life in the same way.

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Vitamin Deficiency And Acne

In today’s fast food society, it is no wonder that diet is such an extreme issue. It is almost impossible for anybody to maintain a healthy diet now-a-days. Health organizations estimate that only 10-20% even consume the recommended amounts of the most important vitamins and minerals on a daily basis. This is a startling low number and simply results from the fact that a healthy diet is very hard to maintain.

In order to be able to maintain a healthy body and in order to be able to have clear, healthy, acne free skin, it is important to consume the recommended amount of many crucial vitamins and minerals on a daily basis. However, diet alone often falls short of this. Fast foods don’t contain many vitamins and minerals in the first place, people usually don’t have time to try and prepare full, healthy, rounded meals, and even the foods purchased in stores now have many of their vitamins and minerals taken out of them in order to help them stay fresh longer.

For these reasons, it is often necessary to look elsewhere in order to get the right amounts of vitamins and minerals each day. Foods and diet will almost always still lead to some short of deficiency, no matter how careful one tries to be, and therefore it become necessary often times to look to supplements in order to fill the gap. Supplements can be extremely helpful in ensuring the body receives the vitamins and minerals it needs to be healthy.

Supplements are not a bad thing and are not some sort of “short cut.” Many people think they are cheating themselves by taking a vitamin supplement but this simply isn’t so. Most one-a-day vitamin supplements are extremely useful for the simple fact that they will help to provide the body with the essential vitamins and minerals it needs. People also worry about then consuming too much of certain vitamins and minerals due to the combination of the supplement and eating. Again, this is almost never a problem since the supplements only provide the minimum recommended amounts each day, meaning that there is plenty of ceiling room left above that.

When foods and dieting simply aren’t cutting it, it is good to look for a vitamin supplement. Your body needs the vitamins and minerals and to deprive it of them would be extremely unhealthy.

Want To Live Longer? Detox Today!

Never before has the need to detoxify our body system become more important than today. With the advancement of technology there are now more things that negatively affect our health and our environment.

The air we breathe, the water we drink, even the food we eat is polluted in one way or the other. This is because the air we breathe has carbon byproducts and the water we drink has heavy metals and the food we eat is not as natural as it should be. Most of it is chemically enhanced or genetically modified one way or the other.

All these things make the statement that “We live in a very toxic age” very true!

In order to live longer and healthier there is a growing need to detoxify our bodies. If you don’t detox regularly, these poisonous substances from the air you breath, the water you drink and the food you eat will lead to ill-health such as insomnia, gastric problems, poor skin, premature aging due to accumulation of toxins over the years and ultimately untimely death.

You can decide to naturally detox or take herbs and vitamins to detox. A lot of people choose to detox naturally because they know the body has its own ability to clean itself up.

Our bodies have natural defenses and resources that work to constantly to clean up our systems, even when we sleep.

Unfortunately, most people’s bodies are unable to detox mainly because of poor health. If the body is performing at optimal level, it should be able to detox itself.

As I’ve mentioned before, because of the polluted air, water and food we eat, it becomes impossible for anyone’s body to perform at optimal level. There is always some form of pollution affecting the body one way or the other.

That is why it is necessary to use some detox herbs and vitamins to assist the body in detoxifying itself. These detox herbs and vitamins can help to restore the body to its optimal level, thereby giving it the strength to detox it self.

These detox herbs and vitamins and some healthy habits can really go a long way in helping the body to take care of it self, thereby allowing us to live longer.

So, if you want to live longer and healthier, there is the need to constantly detoxify your system either naturally or with the help of detox herbs and vitamins.

What Is Used To Treat Bipolar Disorder?

Bipolar disorder is also referred to as manic depression. Atypical mood swings, depression, shifts in energy levels and an inability for the person to function normally in society or in relationships are signs of this ailment. Approximately one percent of the population is diagnosed with this disorder each year. It can affect academic growth, careers, and personal relationships negatively. This long term disorder requires lifetime maintenance and monitoring to assure proper treatment.

Most treatment methods combine the use of prescription medications with counseling or other forms of mental health assistance. It is recommended that people who experience these symptoms consult a psychiatrist for diagnosis and the complete spectrum of treatment needed to control it. There are two types of medications generally prescribed for this, mood stabilizers and antidepressants. It is very common for both types to be used in order to prevent swinging from one extreme to another.

Lithium is one of the first and most popular medications to be prescribed. It is also the drug most readily prescribed for use with children and teenagers. Some drugs like valproate or carbamazepine are traditionally used as an anticonvulsant but have been found to also act as a stabilizing agent for mood swings. One or a combination of these drugs will help equalize the moods of a patient. Benzodiazepine or lamotrigine are often used as antipsychotic and antidepressant medications to compliment the mood stabilizers.

Omega-3, St. John’s wort and SAM-e are popular natural supplements reported to improve the effects of bipolar disorder. It is important, though, to consult with your physician before adding natural remedies to prescription drugs. Often doses and types of medication will have to be adjusted throughout the life cycle of the disorder for maximum benefit.

Psychotherapy is an important treatment and should not be ignored even if medications are prescribed. Individual and group counseling is readily available from psychiatrists and hospitals. It will provide a supportive environment to discuss issues and come to terms with the issues. Education will assist in recognizing signs and improving means of dealing with the symptoms. Including family members as a part of the therapy will help them understand and better cope with the effects of the problem.

More than two million adults in the United States are diagnosed with bipolar disorder. The effects can be harmful to the patient as well as family and friends. Proper treatment is essential in maintaining solid relationships and the ability to function in school or in the workplace. With a complete regimen of medication and therapy, the effects of this disorder can be controlled and most people can live a normal and full life.

Don’t Be a Victim of Acetaminophen Poisoning

Tylenol is one of the most common pain-relievers on the market today. It is a well-trusted brand name, not only for pain relief, but fever reduction as well. The key ingredient in Tylenol, acetaminophen, is found in many other drugs on the market as well, but Tylenol is the most well known. Many people who are afflicted with chronic pain, turn to Tylenol or other acetaminophen based pain killers to help them deal with their pain and be able to function every day.

People who are in considerable pain, will often do anything they can to make the pain go away. Some make the mistake of thinking that taking more acetaminophen will reduce their pain faster and make it stay away longer than the recommended dosage does. Little do these people know, however, having too much acetaminophen in your system can lead to other serious health problems. Just by taking a double dose of acetaminophen, you are subjecting your liver to a possibly lethal dose, which could lead to liver failure. People who are in pain don’t realize the consequences of taking too much medicine, they just want something to help them now. Thousands of people each year are being hospitalized for acetaminophen overdose, and hundreds die each year, not from intentionally overdosing, but misuse.

A common cause for this problem is that acetaminophen is found in most pain relievers on the market today. Many people will take Tylenol, then an hour or so later, turn around and take a different brand name pain killer, not realizing they are taking a double dose of basically the same ingredients. Many diseases and conditions cause chronic pain, such as arthritis, migraines, lupus, even down to the simple cold and flu that we all fall victim to at one time or another. In the search for something to lessen the pain and make day to day living more bearable, many people will inadvertently feed too much acetaminophen into their systems. It is important to understand that just because you may take a different type of pain killer, it is still likely to have the same active ingredients as the one you took before that didn’t work. Taking larger doses will not lessen the pain any faster than a normal dose, however it will put you at a substantially increased health risk.

Some people are more susceptible to the side effects caused by many medicines than others. Even a normal dosage of acetaminophen can sometimes lead these people straight to the emergency room. It is important to keep in mind the effects that medicine have on you individually, before you start popping pills.

It is a good idea to start reading the labels of any medicine you are considering taking, especially to find out what the active ingredients are. You are probably better off not mixing over the counter pain relievers, just pick one that works for you and follow the recommended dosage. Avoid the temptation to take more thinking it will work better, as odds are high that it will do more harm to your system than good. If you are a person who suffers from chronic daily pain, you should see your doctor for recommendations on what to do to help alleviate it, rather than taking treatment into your own hands with over the counter products.

Medicines In Development: Hope For The Future

According to a report released by the Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA), more than 900 new medicines are now in the research and development pipeline to treat the diseases of aging.

The new medicines include 146 medicines for heart disease and stroke and 399 for cancer. Alzheimer’s disease alone could afflict 16 million people by the middle of this century; America’s research-based pharmaceutical companies are currently developing 27 medicines to treat it. Other medicines now being researched include:

• 48 for diabetes, of which half of all cases occur in people over age 55. A new, first-in-class medicine in development has been shown in clinical trials to significantly improve long-term glycemic control;

• 20 for osteoporosis, a major health threat for an estimated 44 million Americans age 50 and older; and

• 19 to treat depression, which affects an estimated 6.5 million Americans 65 and older;

• 17 for Parkinson’s disease, 60,000 new cases of which are diagnosed each year. A nervous system growth factor gene therapy being studied aims to deliver the growth factor, GDNF, into the brain to prevent degeneration of nerve cells and the loss of the neurotransmitter dopamine.

Other medicines in development target bladder and kidney diseases, eye disorders, gastrointestinal disorders, osteoarthritis, pain, prostate disease, respiratory and lung disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, skin conditions, age-related macular degeneration and other conditions of aging. All of these medicines are either now in human clinical trials or are awaiting the approval of the Food and Drug Administration.

“As life expectancy increases, older Americans face challenges to their health, productivity and independence,” said PhRMA president and CEO Billy Tauzin. “Research-based pharmaceutical companies are actively searching for treatments and cures to help patients live healthier lives as they age.”

The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) represents the country’s leading pharmaceutical research and biotechnology companies, which are devoted to inventing medicines that allow patients to live longer, healthier and more productive lives.

Medicines In Mental Health

You walk into a moderately business office sit down a chair in a well-dressed lobby and wait for your name to be announced. Finally, it comes and you are assessed by an intake worker, finally sent to a therapist a week later, and then recommended to the staff psychiatrist. In this short time, you were diagnosed with Bipolar, Depression, which is an element of bipolar, and posttraumatic stress disorder.

You also have a history of Diabetes, High-Blood Pressure, and Allergies. Now the doctor is not aware of the inflammatory fiber nerve disease underlying the symptoms. You continue to visit the mental health experts complaining constantly of your symptoms, and they begin treating you like a Hypochondriasis. (Someone occupied with health issues and most times are exaggerated)…you begin feeling confused, disappointed with the therapist, and decide to go to see a physician that finds a fiber nerve disease, which proves that you complaints are valid.

However, you were already given prescriptions for psychotic and depressive symptoms. You begin taking the medications and suddenly your insurance policy stops payment on the drug Effexor XR. Suddenly, you explode feeling aggressive, wanting to kill, wanting to die, wanting to harm and there is no explanation since these feelings has never occurred to this magnitude before you took the antidepressants prescribed. Now the problem has increased and you are searching desperately for an answer, yet you find nothing. What went wrong you might ask?

Well, Effexor XR is given to patients with depression and bipolar symptoms. Since Effexor is said to target the brain chemicals increasing the Norepinephrine and Serotonin in the brain, it is claimed to eliminate symptoms of depression and bipolar. Now Effexor XR is notorious (once the medication is stopped abruptly) for increasing behaviors including, suicidal thinking, impulsive behaviors, violent outburst and so forth.

The Prescription has caused increase in Blood making it a bad deal for patients with High-Blood Pressure. Now you went to the therapist to fix a problem and your problems has increased dramatically at it is all because of health care, mental health, medical, and so on. You start feeling that it cannot get any worse, but the doctors continue increasing your medicines prescribing Tenormin (Atenolol) for your pain and after prescribing numerous doses of inflammatory prescriptions, which lead to stomach disorders, you are now taking meds to control your stomach. Moreover, it does not stop here. Next, you are given Impramine HCL for pain, Tramadol for pain, and rotated between antidepressants finally prescribed Effexor XR again.

If you are feeling alone you are not, since many times doctors, mental experts, and health care providers make this mistake excessively many times to count. It is ludicrous to go to mental health experts all to find severe complications exploding your life and you are the one to blame, when in reality these experts made a serious mistake. Since the mental health expert obviously had no choice but to eliminate Hypochondriasis, and claim that they were only searching for answers to the problem (making excuses) you finally say I am searching for another mental health expert, since you have no idea what you are doing.

You go to the next office; sit, wait, and when you are called you talk to an intake worker, then a therapist, and finally a psychiatrist. You go through the same procedures wondering if these experts are smarter than the other experts you just left, and soon find yourself on Effexor XR, Impramine HCL, Tramadol, and a variety of other medications.

I told you people what happen before you tell the experts, yet they ignore your cries and tell you to take your medications as prescribed. Are we fixing problems or are we adding to the many problems we face every day. Some mental diagnoses were later proven a medical problem or central nervous interruption that created a series of symptoms delusional to mental health experts, believing that the patient was mentally ill.

Caught in a web of testing and despair we often fight to find a reason that our minds are tricking us into acting out of accordance to the so-called normal. The solution is right in front of them in most cases, yet everyone is turning their heads and looking for another answer.