A Brief History Of Hip Replacement Surgery

Hip replacement is a medical procedure in which the hip joint is replaced by a synthetic implant. It is the most successful, cheapest and safest form of joint replacement surgery. The earliest recorded attempts at hip replacement, which were carried out in Germany, used ivory to replace the femoral head.
Use of artificial hips became more widespread in the 1930s; the artificial joints were made of steel or chrome. They were considered to be better than arthritis but had a number of drawbacks. The main problem was that the articulating surfaces could not be lubricated by the body, leading to wear and loosening and hence the need to replace the joint again (known as revision operations).

Attempts to use teflon produced joints that caused osteolysis and wore out within two years. Another significant problem was infection. Before the advent of antibiotics, surgery on the joints carried a high risk of infection. Even with antibiotic treatments, infection is still a cause for some revision operations. Such infections are not necessarily caused at surgery; they can also be the result of bacteria entering the bloodstream during dental treatment.

The modern artificial joint owes much to the work of John Charnley at the Manchester Royal Infirmary; his work in the field of tribology resulted in a design that completely replaced the other designs by the 1970s. Charnley’s design consisted of 3 parts – (1) a metal (originally Stainless Steel) femoral component, (2) an Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene acetabular component, both of which were fixed to the bone using (3) special bone cement. The replacement joint, which was known as the Low Friction Arthroplasty, was lubricated with synovial fluid.

The small femoral head (22.25mm) produced wear issues which made it suitable only for sedentary patients, but – on the plus side – a huge reduction in resulting friction led to excellent clinical results. For over two decades, the Charnley Low Friction Arthroplasty design was the most used system in the world, far surpassing the other available options (like McKee and Ring).

In 1960 a Burmese orthopaedic surgeon, Dr. San Baw (29 June 1922 – 7 December 1984), pioneered the use of ivory hip prostheses to replace ununited fractures of the neck of femur (‘hip bones’), when he first used an ivory prosthesis to replace the fractured hip bone of an 83 year old Burmese Buddhist nun, Daw Punya. This was done while Dr San Baw was the chief of orthopeadic surgery at Mandalay General Hospital in Manadalay, Burma. Dr San Baw used over 300 ivory hip replacements from the 1960s to 1980s.

He presented a paper entitled ‘Ivory hip replacements for ununited fractures of the neck of femur’ at the conference of the British Orthopeadic Association held in London in September 1969. An 88% success rate was discerned in that Dr San Baw’s patients ranging from the ages of 24 to 87 were able to walk, squat, ride the bicycle and play football a few weeks after their fractured hip bones were replaced with ivory prostheses. Dr San Baw’s use of ivory was, at least in Burma during the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s (before the illicit ivory trade became rampant starting around the early 1990s) cheaper than metal. Moreover, due to the physical, mechanical, chemical, and biological qualities of ivory, it was found that there was a better ‘biological bonding’ of ivory with the human tissues nearby the ivory prostheses. An extract from Dr San Baw’s paper, which he presented at the British Orthopeadic Association’s Conference in 1969, is published in Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (British edition), February 1970.

In the last decade, several evolutionary improvements have been made in the total hip replacement procedure and prosthesis. Many hip implants are made of a ceramic material rather than polyethylene, which some research indicates dramatically reduces joint wear. Metal-on-metal implants are also gaining popularity. Some implants are joined without cement; the prosthesis is given a porous texture into which bone grows. This has been shown to reduce the need for revision of the acetabular component. Surgeons still frequently use bone cement for the femoral component, however, which has proven very successful after 35 years of clinical experience.

The latest developments are several competing Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) approaches, which may result in far less soft tissue damage and a quicker recovery. C.A.O.S (Computer assisted orthopedic surgery) is also being marketed heavily by the implant manufacturers, though its value remains largely unproven.. Computer assisted surgery is said to better navigate prosthetic implantation.

An alternative to total hip replacement (THR) is hip surface replacement (HSR), also referred to as hip resurfacing. With both THR and HSR, a prosthetic socket is pressed into the pelvis. With THR, the end of the femur is amputated, a metal shank is inserted into the femur, and the shank holds a ball which mates with the socket. With resurfacing, the end of the femur is not amputated; the outer surface of the femoral ball is replaced with a cylindrical metal cap. Resurfacing eliminates the common THR problem of the metal shaft loosening from the femur. Resurfacing preserves bone stock if a revision is ever needed. A larger diameter ball and socket more closely mimic the natural joint structure, reducing the risk of dislocation and improving range of motion. There has been no published clinical evidence to show that today’s CoCr metal-on-metal articulating surfaces have the osteolytic effect on bone that earlier polyethylene devices had. Ten year success rates of hip resurfacing from studies in England report success equal to or greater than standard total hip replacement, in age-matched patients. In the United States, the first modern resurfacing device received FDA approval in May 2006, while some 90,000 resurfacings have been performed world-wide.

Patients need to be aware of all surgical options before hip replacement surgery. Hip surgeons have different surgical techniques and surgical outcomes. Currently, there are several different incisions used to access your hip joint. The posterior approach (widely used by the majority of orthopedic surgeons) separates the gluteus maximus muscle in line with the muscle fibers to access the hip joint. Other methods access the hip from the lateral side of the hip joint. In contrast to the posterior approach and lateral approach, the anterior approach uses a natural interval between soft tissue to gain access to the hip joint. Its main disadvantages are that it risks damage to the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve, and it is not widely available to the public because fewer surgeons have been trained in this technique.

Adopt Correct Postures To Get Rid Of Back Pain

Back pain can affect an individual in many ways. Apart from the sheer physical discomfort of not being able to sit, stand, walk or even move a few steps conveniently, there are even deeper and more sinister results of back pain. Many a time, back pain has a telling effect on one’s nerves, and the irritated back pain sufferer makes life miserable for his family, friends, and his boss. This latter result can even have deep repercussions on the person’s career prospects. In short, the emotional well-being of the all the people around the back pain sufferer are made victims of back pain inconvenience.

So what then is the cause of such a nagging inconvenience?

The answer is a simple one: poor posture. In other words, the way you stand or sit or even lie down, has a great part in bringing up the back pain. If you slouch, stretch or jerk your movements suddenly, you are directly inviting back pain. The back muscles suffer a strain due to poor posture. In more critical cases back pain might be linked with subsidiary symptoms like sprain, ligament pain, and joints pain. In the most severe cases, back pain might also be due to a slipped disk. Thus the causes of back pain are numerous.

In addition to these infrequent incidents, there are other issues that bring about back pain. The commonest of these is lifting of weights. In homes and work places, we tend to lift heavy pieces of furniture in a bid to re-arrange the place. While all this might bring about a change and may even lead to convenience of life, the task, if performed suddenly, can lead to back pain. As the body is not used to lifting heavy furniture, one tends to position oneself inadequately so that the weight is not properly distributed. And the task results in a slipped disk or some linked problems that may then bring about acute episodes of back pain.

In cases of slipped disk that usually result from such careless movements, the need to be vigilant is even more pronounced. Usually a slipped disk results when one is lifting the furniture item on re-twists one’s body from the top of the waist rather than from below the waist. This results on the onset of a spasm. Indeed in the acute cases of back pain, one is even confined to bed rest.

When the back pain becomes unbearable and exercise is not possible as the spasm is acute, one can try a simple posture-correction routine. By lying on one’s back on a hard floor and lifting one leg at a time, up to the chest, one can provide the much needed relief from back pain. Pillows should be placed below the knees and the entire task should be performed slowly and carefully so that the body does not suffer from twinges of pain, while being relieved of it. In this way, the root cause of the disease will come to light and thereafter the steps to improve the back muscles will make you less prone to back pain. You can also make these steps as a part of your daily exercise routine.

Bursitis – An Unimaginable Joint Pain

It could be one of the worst pains you ever feel in your entire life. Many have to face this pain in an early stage of their lives due to excessive stress put on the joints. The inflammation of bursa is known as bursitis. In our body we have over 150 bursa sacs. These fluid-filled sacs keep the joints lubricated and cushioned between bones and the tendons and muscles near the joints. It makes movement of the joint smooth as butter, avoiding any kind of friction. Due to inflammation bursa cannot play the same part of cushioning and lubricating the joints. In this situation any kind of movement becomes very painful.

A routine activity prolonged over a period of time can result in this condition. When excessive and continuous pressure is applied over a certain area it can result in bursitis. Resting on one’s elbow for longer period or bending your elbow frequently can lead to elbow bursitis. Other causes of bursitis can be due to traumatic injury which can result in swelling and inflammation of the bursa. Some common signs and symptoms for bursitis is stiffness or a dull ache, increased pain due to movement or pressure, swelling and redness of skin due to inflammation. General inflammatory conditions like rheumatoid arthritis may result in bursitis. Common areas which get affected due to bursitis are shoulder, elbow, buttocks, hip, ankle and knee. Sometimes it becomes very difficult to locate the actual cause of bursitis.

There are different types of bursitis which can create problems in your lives such as Shoulder bursitis, Olecranon Bursitis (Elbow), Trochanteric (Hip) Bursitis, Prepatellar (Kneecap) Bursitis. Complications can happen if inflamed bursa gets infected. This can occur when the inflamed bursa is close to the skin that would be in the case of olecranon bursitis. You can detect an infection if your wounds are around the area of bursitis, accompanied with fever, chill and mild sweats. Diseases like gout, arthritis, staphylococcal infection, tuberculosis, although rarely can increase your chances of bursitis.

Home Remedies for Bursitis

Restrict your movement and allow your joints to heal. It may prove to be the best medicine.

A continuous application of hot and cold compression can do the trick, 10 minutes hot, 10 minutes cold and so on and so forth.

Ginger is one of the best known fighters for such kind of pain. It can be applied directly on the skin by making a poultice or can be taken orally to overcome the pain.

Emu oil is known to treat bursitis problem due to high level of linolenic acid – which eases muscle and joint paints. The oleic acid is anti-inflammatory which penetrates the skin to provide the necessary relief.

You can eat alfalfa capsules which consist of rich minerals much needed for recuperation of the bones.

Apply vitamin E oil over the joints to have easy and free movement. Consuming vitamin E capsule is also very beneficial.

Castor oil compression also works in your favor. Apply good amount of castor oil over the affected area and cover it with cotton and then apply heating compression with a heating pad.

Stretching exercises may also provide a positive change in your life.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Dealing With Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a condition which makes the bones weak and causing them to break easily. As the bones are fragile the slightest movement can break them, especially joints like the hip, spine and wrists. Increasing age makes you prone to this disease, men over fifty and post-menopausal women are the most common patients of osteoporosis. This breakage of bone occurs within a couple years of menopause due to reduction in estrogen levels. After years of erosion the bones give away causing pain, spinal deformity and fractures.

Some common factors

– Women are more prone to osteoporosis than men.
– Increasing age
– Hereditary
– Low estrogen and testosterone level in women and men respectively.
– Thin and frail body structure or suffering from anorexia nervosa
– Calcium and vitamin D deficiency
– Lack of exercise
– Smoking and drinking alcohol has adverse effects on the bone density.
– Use of certain medication or drugs

Remedies for Osteoporosis

Eat a healthy diet which includes plenty of calcium and vitamin D. Exercise regularly and cut down on alcohol and cigarettes. For good source of calcium have low-fat milk, yoghurt, cheese, orange juice, green leafy vegetable like spinach, cereals and breads.

A twenty minute walk three to four times a week may help you tremendously. You can also go biking, swimming or join aerobic dancing classes to improve the bone condition. Engage in weight-bearing exercises as these help in strengthening the bones. If you have a swimming pool or a beach around your house, go walking in chest deep water for 30 minutes at least three days a week. This prevents stress on your bones hence there is less erosion.

A cup of milk has 100 international units of vitamin D. Four cups a day could be your daily dose of vitamin D. Studies have also shown that post-menopausal women can have supplements containing manganese (5 mg/day), copper (2.5 mg/day), and zinc (15 mg/day) in combination with a calcium supplement (1,000 mg/day). It is termed to be more effective than having the calcium supplement alone.

Consume less salt and avoid food products which have more than 300 milligrams of salt per serving. Stay away from carbonated beverages like cola and soft drinks. The phosphoric acid present in carbonated drinks contains phosphorus, which if had in excess, can cause elimination of calcium from the body.

Studies have shown that vitamin K is very useful in maintaining healthy bones. It is found in green, leafy vegetables such as broccoli, Brussels sprouts, collard greens, lettuce and spinach. You can also consume vitamin K supplements.

If you want to increase calcium content include Parmesan cheese in your diet. To lessen fat intake and increase calcium, add powdered non-fat dry milk powder in soups, casseroles and other beverages. Some of the food products that promote healthy bones are avocado, black pepper, cabbage, cod liver oil, Dandelion, garlic, onions, Parsley, Pigweed and Horse tail. Eating pineapple also prevents bone fractures due to the presence of manganese in pineapple.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Diagnosing Your Joint Pain

Current info about aching joints is not always the easiest thing to locate. Fortunately, this report includes the latest aching joints info available.

You wouldn’t be surprised to hear that once we get older the chance increases that our joints fall victim to illness and all sorts of pain. Experts around the world say that to fight joint diseases known as osteoarthritis, specific precautions need to be taken.

If you are in a certain phase and are really thinking about taking a closer look and diagnose your aching joints, it’s fundamental to have a good understanding of the primary cause of your joint pain.

Before you start considering anything you first need to find out what caused the pain you are experiencing. Many people suffer from joint pain because they over trained. Another possibility is that you are suffering from a strain or injury or even a disease you had in the past like chickenpox. Having aching joints could also be a result from having an autoimmune disease like rheumatoid arthritis, chandromalacia patellae, septic arthritis, and bursitis.

It’s very important for you to really comprehend what the difference is between acute and chronic arthritis. This information is very important if you are looking for a diagnosis to your aching joints. The term “Acute” refers to joint pain conditions lasting shorter than eight weeks while the term “Chronic” means that the pain lasts for a much longer amount of time.

Do you know what inflammatory and noninflammatory joint pain is? If you don’t, you are glad to be reading this page.

The major difference between the two is that patients with “Noninflammatory” disorders usually experience morning stiffness less than 15 minutes. If you have “Inflammatory” disorders you will also experience increasing stiffness after resting but in this case I’m talking about morning stiffness that last longer than 45 minutes. If you have this disorder you will also notice an increasing chance of swelling that can be very uncomfortable. How should one go about diagnosing?

Basically there are 4 options available to diagnose your aching joints. Well known and probably the most popular methods are embrocations, NSAID, analgesia and last but not least supplementation. Embrocations, NSAID’s and analgesia are superb treatment methods, but if you decide to go down this road I strongly suggest that you consult a physician before making a decision on your own.

However it could also be that your aching joints are far less severe. In that case there are a few good over-the-counter supplements on the market you can go out and buy: You can buy RRS-Enduro Joint (Unisex), Glucosamine Chondroitin Combo (Jarrow Formulas) and Glucosamine 1500 w/ Chondroitin and MSN (Jarrow Formulas)

Don’t make the mistake by thinking that joint pain is only experienced by people when they age. There are many athletes that suffer from this condition as well. Many basketball players, long distance runners, soccer players, sprinters and football players are also in danger of suffering from aching joints.

Don’t think that because you are young that you won’t develop aching joints. Joint pain can really strike at any age.

That’s why you’ve got to be smart and need to start taking care of your joints today!

Hopefully the sections above have contributed to your understanding of aching joints. Share your new understanding about aching joints with others. They’ll thank you for it.

Discover The New Science Of Glyconutrition And Fibromyalgia

I have worked with a number of people who once suffered from the symptoms of Fibromyalgia or from Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome are two similar disorders with overlapping symptoms. They include chronic fatigue, sleep disturbances, immune system dysfunction and psychological depression. People with Fibromyalgia also experience muscle and fibrous tissue pain, as well as gastro intestinal challenges. The cause or causes of Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome are unclear and some regard them as syndromes rather than actual diseases. Therefore, established medical treatments are based on the management of individual symptoms and can often be a game of cat and mouse for the medical professional.

With such complexities it is easy to understand why the role of nutrition in Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome has largely been overlooked. However since we now understand the importance of dietary components like glyconutrients (Mannose, Fucose, Galactose, Glucose, Xylose, N-Acetylgalactosamine, N-Acetylglucosamine and Sialic Acid) in regulating the immune, nervous, muscular systems as well as cell-to-cell communication in general, it is apparent that the biological activities of such nutritional components may play a significant role in maintaining proper function of those systems.

Also associated with these two conditions is an abnormal sleep pattern. Any number of gland failures resulting in hormonal imbalance may influence this. As sleep is a function regulated by a number of hormonal factors, nutritional support of glyconutrients as well as certain plant sterols may provide benefit in this area by supporting improved production and coordination of key hormones.

Some studies have shown possible linkages of viral and bacterial infections, such as Herpes, Coxsackie B and Lyme disease, to Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome. The reason for this is that many of the symptoms are closely associated with that of an active infection. There is also a high association with the diagnosis of either of the conditions and a positive test for one or more of these pathogens.

Other scientific evidence also suggests that Fibromyalgia and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome are related to immune system dysfunctions based on measurements of various immune markers in patients with these disorders. This can be measured in levels and activity of Natural Killer Lymphocytes, Cytokines such as Interleukin as well as other immune system factors. Through the measure of this activity, some studies have suggested that these two conditions may be autoimmune in nature. Whether or not they are, it is apparent that support of proper immune system function through improved nutrition can bring benefits to those suffering from any of the effects of these conditions. For example, acemannan, has been shown to enhance the killing activity of Macrophage against Candida Albicans, and can be found in certain glyconutrient supplements.

Regardless of the precise mechanisms in Fibromyalgia and chronic fatigue syndrome it should be apparent from the review of scientific and medical literature that all systems of the body are intimately involved in the syndrome. Proper dietary support for the cells from which these systems are composed calls for appropriate levels of a range of micronutrients. This is not limited to mere vitamins and minerals, but may also involve other categories of so-called phytonutrients including anti-oxidants, plant sterols and glyconutrients.

Edema – A Case Of Water Retention

Edema once known as dropsy is an evident case of swelling of your organs or tissue due to collection of fluid. It mainly happens in the feet, ankles and legs because it is the most affected part due to gravity which is also known as peripheral edema which affects your face and hands too. There are two kinds of enema pitting edema and non-pitting edema. Pitting edema causes an indentation when you press your fingers on the swollen areas; non- pitting edema leaves no indentation. Women are more susceptible to this kind of condition in comparison to men.

It can be caused if you are sitting in one place for a long time and pressuring your legs. Consuming too much sodium further increases the problem. The water is retained due to diseases like congestive heart failure and hypertension. This overloading of the fluid makes the heart work more than its usual share. Consuming anti-inflammatories like prednisone also causes water retention. In general many people may already contain extra water which accumulates around thighs, buttocks, abdomen and lower extremities. These swellings are totally unaffected by exercise or diet. There are some natural products in the market which can help you with this condition to ease the pain and swelling.

Some symptoms which appear from nowhere are feeling of suffocation due to breathlessness, wheezing, restlessness and anxiety; cough accompanied with blood, sweating more than usual, pale skin, chest pain due to heart trouble. Symptoms which are gradually uncovered are difficulty in breathing due to lying flat, lack of sleep due to breathlessness and gaining good amount of weight over a period of time.

Home remedies for Edema

This home remedy is very good for pregnant ladies. You can introduce flax seeds in your daily diet. Grind and store these seeds and use it daily with any of your meals.

A good diet combined with equal amount of exercise can make things very easy for you. Include cucumber and watermelon in your daily diet for good dose of potassium.

Swimming is the best thing to do during such times.

Drink good amount of water as water helps in diluting the excess salt, which makes the removal of the salt much easier which leads to prevention of edema.

Keep sipping herbal tea at least three times a day, this too acts in the similar fashion like water – dilution.

Whenever you get time keep your feet elevated as one of the common reasons for water retention is gravity.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Everything You Need To Know About Kinesiology

The word ‘Kinesis’ in Greek means movement and Kinesiology studies the relationship between the quality of muscular movement and overall health. Kinesiology deals with methods of maintaining good health through proper functioning and movement of all the muscles in the body.

This system operates under the belief that each part of the body is connected to a corresponding muscle. If a muscle is not working properly, associated parts will be affected and this manifests as a disease.

Kinesiology is related to acupuncture and draws on the principles of ancient Chinese medicine. Both sciences deal with the specific paths in the body called meridians. As in acupuncture, Kinesiology believes that physical disorders are a direct result of blocks in the path of the energy flow in our body.

A trained Kinesiologist employs muscle testing to identify problem areas. The doctor applies pressure on a clenched muscle and asks the patient to resist the pressure. Thus he assesses muscle movement and response. The practitioner looks for any physical disorder, lack of nutrition or lack of energy that may be at the root of the problem.

Once the problem area is identified, gentle techniques are used to re-establish harmony and to rejuvenate the flow of energy. A light massage on the relevant pressure points usually restores the flow of blood to the muscles and stimulates the secretion of lymph. Lymph is responsible for detoxifying the muscles. So when the muscles receive a good supply of lymph and blood, they function well.

Other common forms of treatment include the use of magnets, flower essence, homeopathy and even thought control. Most patients find their Kinesiology sessions immensely enjoyable and relaxing. They leave therapy with a feeling of wonder that such a joyous experience could really cure them of their illness.

An experienced Kinesiologist would be able to assess the ENTIRE health chart of a client in just a single sitting. The therapist may identify allergies, deal with phobias or stress, rectify nutritional imbalances and may even start the process of detoxifying the entire system of the patient.

Like any other holistic medical practice, you really do not need to have any external symptom to benefit from Kinesiology. Even in the absence of illness, Kinesiology helps improve health, increases the feeling of well-being, boosts intellectual functioning and unleashes positive attitudes. In short, it can help individuals reach the highest point of their potential. One can achieve success in just about any field by riding on a high wave of confidence and ability.

Kinesiology works because it is non-invasive, gentle and free of side effects. Kinesiology is an effective preventative therapy. Some of the areas where Kinesiology works wonders are:

– Prevents illnesses
– Increases energy levels
– Relieves physical pain by improving posture
– Heals traumas
– Identify allergies
– Enhances brain functioning and coordination

Spiritual Kinesiology is a relatively new but powerful branch of Kinesiology that helps people transcend their unresolved emotions and limiting beliefs. If used properly Spiritual Kinesiology uses the healing power of the soul to reverse an unbalanced energy pattern and sets it right in just a few MINUTES!

Kinesiology offers a complete health care package by taking care of physical, emotional and mental development. The ease and effectiveness of this technique is sometimes mystifying, even miraculous.

Fibromyalgia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Possibilities

Fibromyalgia is a chronic disease giving painful points in muscles and joint areas, stiffness and problems of neurological art like fatigue, poor sleep quality and depressive feelings. The disease develops gradually and can affect great parts of the body. It is chronic, but may give better and worse periods. The disease can make a person nearly disabled, but can also be mild or almost disappear over time.

THE SYMPTOMS OF FIBROMYALGIA

By fibromyalgia there are tender points in muscles, tendons and ligaments around the body. The points are especially common around the joints. Tender areas in the mid parts of the muscles are fewer and with lighter pain. The points give a constant aching and a sharper pain by pressure. However, muscular work and exercise do not necessarily increase the pain. When the muscles are warmed up and exercised, the pain may disappear or decrease for some time.

The neck, shoulder area, hips, knee surroundings, jaw joint areas, head, face, and eye surroundings are especially often affected. When the neck and head area is affected, the pain often takes the form of a common headache.

Other symptoms of fibromyalgia are:

– Muscular stiffness, especially in the morning.
– Mental and physical fatigue.
– Poor quality of sleep. The deep part of the sleep is especially affected.
– Muscular tension.
– Dizziness.
– Anxious feelings.
– Depressive feelings.
– Disturbances in bowel function like diarrhoea, constipation, pain and bloating.
– Bladder irritability.
– Increased sensitivity to and irritability from sensorial stimuli, like light, sounds and touch.
– Dry mouth, eyes and skin.
– Pain during menstruation

The disease does not give any anatomical and tissue changes in the first place, but inactivity, tension and poor circulation may in the long run affect the body shape and give inflammatory reactions.

THE CAUSES AND MECHANISMS OF FIBROMYALGIA

The exact causes of fibromyalgia are not yet fully understood. An injury to the upper spinal region may trigger the disease. Bacterial and viral infections may also be an initial cause of the disease. Fibromyalgia sufferers often have a magnesium deficiency.

The initial causes seem to alter the production and secretion of transmitter substances in the brain and nervous system, especially serotonin, melatonin and substance P. Neurotransmitters carries signals from one nerve cell to another. Some signals from the central nervous system to the body may therefore be increased, and other decreased, producing the symptoms of the disease. The disturbed nerve signals then produce the following functional changes that give the symptoms of the disease:

– An increased activity in brain parts, giving anxiety and disturbing the deep sleep.
– A decreased activity in other brain parts, producing depressive symptoms.
– An increased muscular tension during sleep.
– An increased constriction in the blood vessels in the muscular and joint structures.
– Decreasing blood flow in the muscles and joint areas due to increased muscular tension and blood vessel constrictions.
– A decreased activity of glands producing saliva, sebum and tears.

LIFESTYLE MEASURES AND EXERCISE TO TREAT FIBROMYALGIA

It is difficult to find a treatment that completely cures the disease, but a skillful combination of lifestyle measures and sometimes also medical treatment can take away most symptoms.

The symptoms of fibromyalgia can make it difficult to attain an active lifestyle. Yet, to do work, sport activities and hobby activities will decrease the symptoms and the consequences of the disease.

Regular training will greatly decrease the symptoms of the disease. The training should engage all the muscles of the body and also include exercises that improve the condition.

A combination of muscle strength training as for example weight-lifting and condition training as jogging will be especially useful. Swimming exercises both the muscular strength and the condition at the same time, but the water should not be cold.

In the beginning, the training sessions should be short and easy, but they should be made longer and heavier as one gets used to training activities.

Relaxation techniques like autogenous training and meditation can help to normalize the function of the nervous system and increase the blood flow to the muscles.

Physical yoga can help to reduce stiffness, increase the blood flow and reduce anatomical defects in the joints and muscles.

The symptoms of fibromyalgia will often cause sufferers to believe that they manage less than they actually do. It may be useful for the sufferer from fibromyalgia to seek counselling to help him normalize his activity levels, or adopt a higher activity level compatible with his disease.

A healthy diet is important. The food should be as natural as possible, and include food sources like: Vegetables, fruit, full corn bread or cereals, nuts, almonds, fish, seafood, fouls and mushrooms.

You should avoid great amounts of fat meat, fat cheese or saturated fat from milk and red meat. You should also avoid great amounts of soy oil or corn oil. You should not use margarine and avoid food containing chemically altered fat. Great amounts of all the mentioned fat types tend to deteriorate the blood circulation and increase inflammatory reactions.

You should consume fish oil, olive oil, rape oil, canola oil, nut oil and sunflower oil, or food containing these type of fat like olives, nuts, sunflower seeds and fat fish, because the fat you then consume will decrease inflammatory reactions in the muscles and joint areas.

MEDICAL TREATMENT OF FIBROMYALGIA

Certain types of medication can be used to relieve the symptoms for a time, but should generally not be used permanently:

– Analgesics can reduce the pain in the tender points.
– Antidepressant can help to take away depressive feelings and improve the sleep.
– Muscle relaxant at bedtime can help to relax during sleep.

On the market you will also find alternative drugs to treat fibromyalgia, based on herbs, vitamins, minerals and anti-oxidants. These drugs contain ingredients to give several useful effects:

– To repair nutritional deficiencies found by fibromyalgia
– To normalize the production of neurotransmitters and thereby improve the local blood circulation in muscles and joint surroundings.
– To improve sleep and relaxation in the muscles during sleep.
– To help for tiredness.
– To reduce pain by an analgesic effect.

Examples of ingredients found in such medicines are:

– Magnesium – To cure deficiency in the body’s magnesium level.
– 5-HTP – A serotonin precursor to help against serotonin deficiency and thereby improve local blood circulation.
– Melatonin – To improve sleep and relaxation during sleep.
– Rhodiola Rosea extract – To help against fatigue.
– Ginger Root – To treat pain and inflammation in muscles and joints.

Classical massage or other types of physical therapi, for example a couple of times each week, can also help to increase blood flow, reduce tension, reduce stiffness and thereby take away pain.

Exercise Tips For Fibromyalgia Sufferers

If you suffer from fibromyalgia, it is possible that you will benefit from a carefully constructed exercise program. However, those who have fibromyalgia are often not in the best of shape, so it is important to implement the exercise carefully and with a plan in mind. Here are some exercise tips for fibromyalgia sufferers that can help you to feel better and get your active lifestyle back again.

If you have fibromyalgia, you may not feel like exercising. So, then, why do it? Part of implementing exercise to cope with fibromyalgia is understanding why you would do that.

Exercise can lessen your pain and prevent weakness of your muscles. Endurance exercise, like walking and cycling, can help you become stronger overall and give you additional energy. In a nutshell, exercise will help you feel better overall. As long as you do it the right way, exercise can be one of the most effective treatments for those who suffer from fibromyalgia.

Start Slowly

If you suffer from fibromyalgia, you know that you are not usually energetic and that your body has likely become somewhat stagnant. Because of the blow to your overall physical fitness, you should make sure you start slowly. With that in mind, one of the best exercise tips or fibromyalgia suffers is to go from low amounts and intensities in your workouts and work up to the higher ones and longer sessions. Helpful exercises for those with fibromyalgia include low impact exercises, walking, and anything that may be designed for those with arthritis. Water exercise classes and programs, in fact, are as good as any for those with fibromyalgia.

Stretch First

No matter what exercise you choose to help you with your fibromyalgia, you have to stretch first. No matter what, one of the top exercise tips for fibromyalgia sufferers you will get is to stretch. Stretching helps your body warm up before activity begins. Additionally, it is its own type of exercise and can improve blood flow. You will also greatly reduce the risk of injury as you exercise if you remember to stretch first.

Soreness is Okay

Another one of the exercise tips for fibromyalgia sufferers is to expect some soreness. Listen to your body and make sure you don’t overdo things, but when you start a new exercise program, you are gong to feel some soreness. As you continue your program and become stronger, though, the soreness will likely begin to subside. If, though, the pain gets worse or is intense, then it is time to cut back on the exercise. Additionally, talk to your doctor before you start an exercise program to make sure your fibromyalgia will cause no complications. If he or she gives you the okay then you will be on your way to feeling better and being happier.

With the help of these exercise tips for fibromyalgia sufferers, you can aid in your own treatment. Exercise will help you feel stronger and increase your stamina. Before you know it, if you plan it right, you will be exercising more and feeling your fibromyalgia less. In the end, isn’t that the only goal you really have?