Hip Replacement Surgery Has Come A Very Long Way

Do you ever feel like you know just enough about Hip Replacements to be knowledgeable? Let’s see if we can fill in some of the gaps with the latest info on Hip Replacement Surgery.

Not to long ago my mother had a hip replacement surgery done at the hospital in our home town. As you can imagine it was a very difficult time for her and the family.

The cost of a hip replacement surgery is not just a money thing, although there are some financial costs involved. The real cost, however, is the time she lost in a slow and painful recovery from the surgery.

Once you begin to move beyond basic background information, you begin to realize that there’s more to Hip Replacements than you may have first thought. My mother had her hip replaced because she was suffering from a very rare condition.

The whole family knew she had pain in her hips for months before we even knew that she would need a hip replacement. After lots of research the doctor eventually found what was bugging my mother.

She had avascular necrosis, a rare and strange disease for which she had none of the risk factors the doctor told her. Avascular necrosis is a condition which strikes divers, alcoholics and the elderly or some times even athletes. My mother didn’t fit in any of these categories and still got the same disease.

The condition occurs when a certain area of the bone isn’t getting enough blood supply, because the bone doesn’t get the nutrition it needs it begins to weaken and eventually dies on its own. Due to the fact that this process happens inside of the bone structure, it can take a long while before it surfaces and you start feeling physical discomfort.

For my mom, the necrosis did enough damage to make her need a hip replacement. Her hip was simply to weak and rotted from the inside. Thankfully, research in the Hip replacement field has come a long way. Even so, it took months before she got most of her movement back. My mother needed to endure many difficult and intensely painful sessions with a physical therapist to improve her agility.

At this point in time she has gained most of her movement back. The doctors say that her hip replacement surgery was a success, but even with her new hip she will be less mobile for the rest of her life.

She now experiences that she isn’t as active as she used to be because of the hip replacement surgery she has had in the past. She often gets tired if she walks to long.

She also shares a common complaint with other people who have done the same surgery. Her hip often tends to act up when the weather changes. Although many would think this is not a big issue it can be very painful at nights when you try to get some sleep.

So now you know a little bit about Hip Replacement.

Home Remedies For Backache

Backache can be considered as one of the most common problems faced by people around the world. It is also a common symptom for different kinds of illnesses. The pain is mainly caused to the center of the back, along the spine or on both sides of the spine. The primary reasons for backaches are strain, fatigue and lack of balance. Backache can be caused due to an accident or injury to the spine or some other kinds of diseases. Other reasons for backache can be as simple as the way you sit in your office to constipation, increasing age, pregnancy, ulcer of the stomach, liver congestion, gallstones, cystitis, high-heeled shoes, unstable nervous system and many different reasons for which would we would have to write a new topic altogether.

Home Remedies for Backache/Back Pain

Use a heating pad or hot water bottle to ease the pain. You can also massage the ice on your back but not directly. Whichever makes you feel better you can try that hot or cold.

By stopping smoking you can avoid the pain in the back

Garlic is a great remedy for backache. Having two to three cloves of garlic every morning may give you the required results.

Garlic oil rubbed on our back also works to provide you a positive result.

A mixture of powdered sonth, sweet soda and salt if consumed with hot milk or water can alleviate your backache problems

Fish oil consumed daily is also a great way to combat backache problem

Keep yourself warm and eat hot food

Make a concoction by boiling ten tulsi leaves in one cup of water. Keep boiling till the water is reduced to half. Once this solution is cooled add salt and consume it everyday. If suffering from severe backache problems have it twice a day.

Massaging eucalyptus oil or mustard oil is also very good for backache problems

Consuming half a teaspoon Guggulu with warm water after your meals is very useful

Make a mixture five black pepper corns, five cloves and one gram dry ginger powder to be mixed in your tea and consumed at least twice a day.

Mix half a gram of cinnamon powder to one teaspoon honey and eat this mixture at least twice a day for best results.

Another way to reduce acute lower back problem is to get a good number of laps in a warm pool of water.

Aspirin or ibuprofen helps in reducing the inflammation. So you can have any of these a day to counter this problem.

Fresh yarrow juice is a great way to strengthen the back muscles. This may help in preventing the back problem.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it.

Home Remedies For Muscle Spasms And Cramps

One of the easiest ways to deal with muscle spasm is to have a hot bath or shower. You can also do some simple stretch exercises. This will improve blood circulation and help the connective tissue around the muscles. Before you pump up those muscles, hit the showers, it would prevent any occurrence of muscle spasm.

Muscle spasm mainly happens due to calcium deficiency, so include calcium in your diet. You can find good source of calcium in low-fat dairy products such as yoghurt, skim milk and ricotta cheese. Before eating and drinking calcium rich diet, consult your doctor.

If you are prone to muscle spasms it may be because of the acids that interfere with the body’s ability to absorb calcium. Lessen the intake of acidic foods like tomatoes and vinegar. Inadequate supply of potassium to your body is another reason for muscle spasms. Increase your intake of potassium, eat good amount of bananas, potatoes, soya flour, bran wheat, ready-to-eat apricots, tomato puree and such.

Do not exert yourself by overusing your muscles. Take it easy for while and relax. Too much of physical exertion takes its toll on the body. Frequent muscle spasms could be the manifestation of this over exertion. If while doing some activity you get a muscle spasm, take a 15 minute break. This prevents muscle spasm in the long run.

Celery seeds have anti-inflammatory properties. It can reduce arthritic pain and relieve muscle spasms. Cramp bark (Viburnum opulus) can be used to treat muscle spasms. Hot and moist herbal packs are very useful in increasing blood circulation. It can treat painful areas by consuming tea or juices to soothe muscles and nerves.

If you get a muscle spasm while you are lying in bed, stretch your leg straight out, bend the toes back towards the head. Hold this position for 30 seconds, relax and continue till the cramp is gone. This stretches your calf muscle. This can also be done while you are standing.

Spasms usually occur when your body is exerted, mainly in the gym. Keep yourself hydrated as you tend to lose valuable electrolytes, which is required to prevent cramps. Before exercising you can take calcium, magnesium and potassium supplements daily.

Chamomile tea helps in relieving muscle spasms. Glycine, an amino acid present in the tea, help relax the muscles. Magnesium deficiency is usually caused due to alcohol, renal disease and diabetes mellitus.

To stop muscle spasms use this ayurvedic solution. Soak your feet in a large tub of hot water, steeped with homemade tea bag of black or brown mustard seeds, for 15- 20 minutes.

You can use an herbal oil massage by using 1 cup extra-virgin oil or almond oil, add herbs in tincture form like 1 ounce Cramp bark, 1/2 ounce Lobelia, 11/4 ounce of Willow bark or Wintergreen ( wintergreen tincture is not available you can use 30 drops of wintergreen oil). You can store all these in a jar or bottle and use it as massage oil.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Home Remedies For Sprains And Strains

Sprains are mainly caused due to stretching or tearing of ligaments resulting in restriction of your movement. The prime reason for this injury is the sudden change of direction or due to a collision. The common parts affected are the ankles, wrists and knees.

Sprain on the other hand is the tearing and stretching of the muscles. This happens due to contraction or stretching of muscles. But this can turn into a chronic strain if the muscles are overworked. We usually term this occurrence as pulling of the muscle. Some of the common places of strains are hamstring and back.

Self-Care Measures

Resting can be termed as the best thing to do during this time. Any kind of activity should be avoided which may cause pain, swelling or any other discomfort. You can still exercise to rejuvenate other muscles which need to be conditioned.

Ice pack is great way to reduce pain, inflammation and swelling. Keep it on the affected area for 15-20 minutes and repeat it every two to three hours to minimize the pain.

The use of compression helps in compressing the pain with use of elastic tapes, bandages, special boots, air casts and splints. This tightens the strained or sprained area by avoiding further injury.

By keeping the injured part elevated you can help in decreasing the swelling. The best position to keep the injured part elevated is above your heart level.

Home Remedies for Sprains and Strains

You can expect to get well soon from the agonizing sprain by making pineapple part of your staple diet and that too in good quantity. The contents in pineapple have bromelain, an enzyme which quickens the healing process. The side effects of bromelain causes dermatitis, so if your skin itches due to the pineapple diet, stop it immediately.

You can consume aspirin or ibuprofen to get relieve from the swelling and pain

Massaging the affected area with comfrey oil or cream can help in alleviating the pain.

Five drops of thyme oil diluted either in bathwater or some other oil can be used as a compress to get rid of swelling.

Arnica balm or ointment can be used as cream or a compress for the affected area.

Horse chestnut is also very useful for such injuries. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties and presence of a compound called aescin it becomes beneficial for all kinds of injuries. You can spread this gel on the affected area every two hours till the pain subsides.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

How Does Knee Surgery Work?

The most common reasons for knee surgery are arthritis and injury. Osteoarthritis is a degenerative disease that slowly wears away cartilage. Rheumatoid arthritis is inflammation of the knee, causing damage to the cartilage. Arthritis can develop in people of all ages but is more commonly found in the older segment of the population. Injury can occur following a blow to the knee and is commonly a result of sports related injuries. This type of injury is often found in younger people who are involved in activities with a lot of stress to the knee, sudden shifting of positions, or potential for the knee to be hit. There are several types of surgery to repair damage done to the knee.

Synovectomy is the process where the lining of the knee is replaced. This surgery often helps reduce progression of knee problems and can delay the need for more invasive surgery. This type of surgery shows success only if the problems were diagnosed early and the damage is not severe. Prolonged diagnosis or advanced injury will not likely be conducive to this type of surgery.

An osteotomy is a procedure is where the bones are cut and realigned to redistribute weight. If this type of surgery is performed, it may reduce the necessity for a knee replacement. In order for it to be successful, though; early detection is crucial. Even in more advanced cases, this surgery can prolong the need for knee replacement by up to ten years.

Menisectomy is where pieces of cartilage are removed to help promote a pain free experience. This procedure is an arthroscopic process resulting in less recovery time and lowered post operative pain. In approximately sixty percent of patients, this procedure can provide maximum relief for up to five years. It has a high success rate.

Total knee replacement surgery is the most radical type of surgery of the knee. It is usually a last resort and will occur only with progressive advancement of damage or in cases of severe distress. This procedure is still in its early stages of development but advances are made continually. This type of surgery is proven to be highly effective and can provide permanent relief from pain and stiffness.

Damage to the knee can cause pain and stiffness. This may hamper a person’s ability to walk or perform routine exercises comfortably. Surgery is a viable option for reducing the effects of knee arthritis or injury. Most physicians recommend utilizing the least invasive form of surgery possible. This will provide relief and delay the necessity for more radical surgery.

Important Information For Bursitis Sufferers

Many individuals suffer from Bursitis each and every year. Fortunately, there are treatment methods to help the pain and allow the sufferer to live a fulfilling and high quality life. Reviewing the following information on Bursitis should answer most of your questions and help you better understand the condition.

What is Bursitis?
There are fluid filled sacs located throughout the body in areas of friction. These friction areas are generally between bone or tendon and skin. The fluid filled sacs are called bursae together and one is called a bursa. Approximately 160 bursae are located throughout the body and they secrete a fluid that provides lubrication to these body parts. When one of these bursae is injured either through consistent activity or from a direct trauma then bursitis results. There are two types of bursitis which may be a result of an infection of the synovial fluid or from too much movement. This is obviously painful and bursitis sufferers are always in search of pain relief.

Bursitis Symptoms
The symptoms of Bursitis are painful. This is because the tendons and bones that are affected by Bursitis swell and cause pain for the individual. Movement becomes difficult and painful when the bursae sacs swell as well. The foot, shoulder, hand and wrist, knee, and elbow are the joints that are most often affected by Bursitis.

Causes of Bursitis
The most common causes of bursitis include crystal deposits, trauma, and infection.

Crystal Deposits
Many people with rheumatoid arthritis, gout, scleroderma, and other similar problems experience crystal deposits in and around their joints because the body is unable to metabolize uric acid properly.

Trauma
There are two types of trauma that may cause Bursitis. These are chronic and acute. With chronic traumas repetitive motions cause the inflammatory Bursitis. For example, throwing a baseball is a repetitive motion that over time can cause inflammatory Bursitis. Acute trauma is a direct trauma to any part of the body that results in blood filling up the bursa. The immediate collection of blood causes swelling and pain, i.e. Bursitis.

Infection
Septic Bursitis occurs when bacteria or organisms infect the bursae near the skin’s surface. Some individuals are more prone to developing Septic Bursitis than others. For example, diabetics, alcoholics, those with specific traumas, kidney diseases, and those on steroids are at a higher risk for developing Septic Bursitis.

Diagnosing Bursitis

Doctors use a variety of methods to diagnose bursitis. The first appointment the doctor generally asks for a history of symptoms, their onset, and what activities initiate the pain. Any other medical problems will be discussed and considered during the diagnosis as well. Sometimes doctors will remove some synovial fluid from the joint to check for infection. Frequently the elbow and the knee become infected so it is important to check the fluid. Blood testing is also important to rule out any other diseases, infections, or the like. In some situations X-rays are used to rule out other problems as well, but this is not the first method of diagnosing Bursitis.

Treating Bursitis
The frequent treatment prescribed by doctors for bursitis is P-R-I-C-E-M. This stands for protection, rest, ice, compression, elevation, and medication. In situations where this method does not work and the bursitis is not infectious then corticosteroid is injected into the affected joint to reduce inflammation. These injections may cause complications. As a result, the corticosteroid may only be injected three times per year and at intervals of at least 30 days.

In situations where the individual has infectious bursitis then the bursa must be drained. A needle is inserted into the joint and the fluid is withdrawn. Antibiotics are also prescribed to rid the body of the infection. In rare circumstances when the infection is widespread oral antibiotics do not work and the individual must be admitted to the hospital for intravenous antibiotics.

Bursitis Patients
If you think you have Bursitis then you should visit your medical doctor. There are treatment options for Bursitis that can help you manage your pain. The longer you wait the more pain you will experience so make an appointment as soon as possible to get your Bursitis under control. Those already affected with Bursitis should take care of themselves, avoid repetitive movements, and always take care to use preventive measures to avoid additional Bursitis pain.

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Knee Pain Factors! Prevention Better Than Cure!

When a young athlete has the condition, he or she usually has a throbbing pain that occurs just below the knee joint. You may have pain in the joint at the base of your big toe, or in your foot, ankle, knee, elbow or hand.

Muscle force and body weight determine the degree of patello-femoral joint reaction force, which frequently contributes to anterior knee pain following TKA. This in-turn places stress on the knee joint, which results in pain and damage to the structures that make up the knee joint. Other conditions that can lead to knee pain include arthritis, infections, hemarthrosis (blood in the knee joint), cysts and bone tumors. One could also experience a knee pain if there is an infection in the joint.

Nonspecific complaints may include global or generalized knee pain, joint line pain, or posterior knee pain. But some knee injuries and medical conditions, such as osteoarthritis, can lead to increasing pain, joint damage and even disability if left untreated.

Knee arthritis typically affects patients over 50 years of age. It is more common in patients who are overweight, and weight loss tends to reduce the symptoms associated with knee arthritis. There is also a genetic predisposition of this condition, meaning knee arthritis tends to run in families. Other factors that can contribute to developing knee arthritis include trauma to the knee, meniscus tears or ligament damage, and fractures to the bone around the joint.

Although it’s not always possible to prevent knee pain, the following suggestions may help forestall injuries and joint deterioration: Keep extra pounds off!

Surgery is always the last option to any illness. However, if your knee pain is diagnosed by a medical doctor and if he recommends surgery, it is always safer to follow the professional advice. More than 90% of knee replacements result in dramatically reduced knee pain and increased mobility of the knee joint. Studies have shown acupuncture to be effective in relieving certain types of knee pain, especially arthritic conditions of the knee and knee joint.

Knowing And Taking Care Of Bunion Condition

Bunion is one of the most common problems faced by many people. It is more common than you can imagine. The medical term for this condition is known as Hallux Valgus. The problem arises when a bump starts developing on the inside of your big toe. This comes along with severe pain and swelling. The swelling is caused due to a bone which protrudes towards the inside of your foot. The big toe joint gets bigger which pressurizes other toes. These pressured toes cause severe pain mainly while walking. It can also occur to the joint of your little toe which is known as bunionette.

One of the common reasons to suffer from this condition is by wearing tight shoes. Cramping your feet in a small pair of shoes can cause such problems. Bunion also arises due to certain foot injury as well as stress. Women are affected by this condition mainly due to high-heeled, pointy-toed shoes which cramp the air causing problems to your feet. Bunions are also formed to a flatfeet person. It runs in the family as it is a hereditary problem. Older people and many young people suffer from arthritis problem which is also a good reason for development of bunion.

Some of the most common symptom for bunion is severe pain. The area becomes red and tender causing inflammation. There is also a burning sensation and sometimes numbness. You can develop other problems like in-growth of toe nail and well as sores between the toes. If these symptoms do not satisfy your doubts, you can check it with your local doctor by taking an x-ray. Bunion can be rectified only through surgery, but you can use some home remedies to prevent such problem and also get some relief.

Home Remedies

First thing first, you have to buy a good pair of shoes. Other than looks it should be useful for your feet. Always wear shoes which have wider toe space. It should be comfortable and should also provide the maximum protection.

You can use padding over the bunion area which would minimize the pain.

Apply ice pack several times a day to reduce inflammation.

You can also buy bunion shields, bunion bandages and bunion night splints which are a small way to provide some relief to your feet.

Try easing the pain by massaging your foot in a perpendicular motion.

Compression of heating pads on regular intervals provides great help to your feet.

Soaking your feet in hot water is by far one of the best remedies for bunion.

Warning: The reader of this article should exercise all precautionary measures while following instructions on the home remedies from this article. Avoid using any of these products if you are allergic to it. The responsibility lies with the reader and not with the site or the writer.

Major Causes Of Gout And How To Avoid Them

The major cause of gout is the accumulation of uric acid in the joints. The uric acid is a chemical that is a natural part of the normal breakdown and build up of food in body tissues. The level of uric acid may be found and measured in the blood.

The condition where there is a rise in blood’s uric acid level is called hyperuricaemia. With the presence of such condition it is no wonder that uric acid crystals are formed in the joints. These crystals are responsible for the inflammation called gouty arthritis or acute gout.

Gout usually attacks people whose uric acid level has always been above normal. There are various reasons why uric acids level increases in the body:

• The higher than normal uric acid levels may be inherited in some families
• Obesity was also found to cause gout attacks
• High alcohol and caffeine intake
• High intake of food containing purines
• Some drugs used to treat high blood pressure and long standing kidney diseases

The first step in treating gout is to correct the factors that increase the levels of uric acid in the body. Patients should also work to refrain from eating purine rich foods since these substances are found to contain a lot of uric acid.

Here are foods high in purines and to be avoided:

• Organ meat products such as liver, kidneys, tripe, sweetbreads and tongue,
• Excessive amounts of red meat, shellfish, fish roe and scallops,
• Peas, lentils and beans,
• Alcohol and caffeine intakes should be reduced. A glass of beer a day or less is recommended
• Crash diets should also be avoided
• Some drugs for high blood pressure may need to be altered or adjusted

An important aspect of treating gout is lowering the uric acid levels. There are some drugs that can bring down the uric acid level in the body. However, it should be noted that these drugs only temporarily treat symptoms of gout and should not be taken on a long-term basis. The dosage is based on the level of uric acid found in the body. Regular check ups are required in order to arrive at the maintenance dosage that will prevent recurrent gout attacks.

As long as the level of uric acid continues to be lower than the normal any symptoms of gout are a remote possibility. Provided of course that medication is continued. Some drugs work by increasing elimination of uric acid through the kidney while others simply hinder the formation of uric acid in the first place.

Likewise, it is important for patients using medications to realize that during the first few months of treatment, it is still possible to have gout attacks, however severe gouty attacks are lessened.

Some of the complications of long time and acute cases of gout are deposits of uric acid salts that may appear around the affected joint and even in tissues in the earlobes. These uric acid salts are chalk colored nodules, and are also called tophi. The presence of uric acid salts is an indication further treatment is needed.

Nail Patella Syndrome

Introduction

Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) is a form of rare genetic disorder. It causes impairment of bones, joints, nails and even kidneys. An absence or immature kneecaps and thumbnails are responsible to cause Nail Patella Syndrome in an individual. Statistics of government agencies and hospitals says that one in every 50000 newborn babies is affected by this disease.
Scientists have established the close relation between glaucoma and nail patella syndrome. At several circumstances it has been found that a newborn affected with this rare disorder has no thumbnails or underdeveloped thumbnails. The mother of such babies and other family members has also found with an absence of thumbnails in most of the medical examinations. However, it is not clear yet, whether glaucoma directly relates to the mutation of NPS gene or it is the deficiency of a separate gene linked with the gene of nail patella disorder.
Sign and Symptoms of Nail Patella Syndrome
General Symptoms- Some of the general symptoms of Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) are

1. Low peripheral eyesight

2. Blind spots

3. Requires frequent change of spectacles

4. Blurred vision

5. Sore or red eyes or both

6. Seeing rainbows or halos around light source

7. Extreme headache, nausea and eyes pain in some of the cases

If you have any of the above symptoms, it may be because of Nail Patella Syndrome. Go for professional medical help to fix the problem.

Pathological Symptoms- Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) is identifiable at two different systems, namely; Musculoskeletal and Renal.
Musculoskeletal
Nails- About 80 to 90 percent cases of nail patella syndrome (NPS) show dystrophic nails. Normally nails are found absent or deficient. Some of the symptoms are discolored nails, kolinonychia, longitudinal ridges, triangular lunulae. Fingernails or thumbnails are generally affected.
Knees- Knees patella closely associates with osteoarthiritis, osteoarthrosis and the knee weekness. About in 60% cases knee patella is either found absent or hypoplastic. An after displacement on knee flexion some time also called knock – knee deformity can also be found.
Elbows- Deformity in elbow is not common, but aplasia, hypoplasia, posterior process at distal ends of humerus with increased angle, limit to extension and suppination is found in some of the cases.
Pelvis- Horns or sours can be found in llic bone and these are detectable by X-rays only. These are pathognomic form of Nail Patella Disorder (NPS).

Renal

Renal diseases are closely associates with nail patella disorder (NPS). Studies and hospital surveys shows that about 10% patients of NPS have renal disease. Foremost renal manifestations are: microscopic hematuria, nephritic or minimal proteinuria, edema and hypertension.

Treatment

The treatment for Nail Patella Syndrome (NPS) and glaucoma varies vastly patient to patient. It also depends on age factors etc and the fact that the patient is either newborn or an young person or an old age person. Although, there is no remedy to cure the glaucoma and NPS fully, but it can be controlled with the expert medical help. There are so many procedures like eye drops, pills to swallow, laser techniques, and surgery. However it is very importance to provide regular and periodic treatment to the affected person.