Information On Eyelid Surgery

Eyelid surgery, also called blepharoplasty in professional medical language, is a cosmetic procedure during which excess fat and skin along with the muscle is removed from the upper and lower eyelids.

Dropping upper eyelids and puffy bags under your eyes can make you look older than you really are. The effects are due to the aging process and are caused by excess fat and skin around your eyes.

Dropping upper eyelids and puffy bags under your eyes may not only change your appearance and cause some psychological problems but also may interfere with your vision. Puffiness of lower lids cannot be improved with the application of any cream or other skin care products. This problem can only be solved with the help of eyelid surgery.

Eyelid surgery is generally performed on adults, who through the natural aging process have lost the elasticity in the skin around their eyes. An eyelid reduction removes the surplus skin and fat to produce a more alert appearance and reduce morning swelling.

As people get older their bodies change. These changes are associated with many reasons and aging is one of the most important reasons of all. Eyelid surgery is one of the corrective procedures that are able to improve people’s appearance and make them feel better about how they look.

The eyes are the windows to the soul as the old saying goes. If your eyes look great you look great. Our eyes make the first contact whenever we meet with someone. Well-toned clear skins of the eyelids are of crucial importance for overall beauty. Eyelid surgery can usually eradicate the problems, however in some cases additional procedures may be necessary in conjunction with this surgery. Your surgeon will make a thorough assessment of your individual requirements and advise you accordingly.

Incisions are made in natural creases in your both upper and lower eyelids so that they can’t be easily noticeable after recovery from surgery. The tender skin around the eyes is more vulnerable to frequent expression leading to the ‘wrinkles’ that tends to become deeper in this area. If you wish to minimize them, a laser treatment can be employed in this area during your surgical procedure.

If you are going to have a general anesthetic and are a smoker you will be asked to stop smoking before surgery to prevent any unnecessary complications. Some analgesics like aspirin and even some anti-inflammatory drugs should not be taken prior to eyelid surgery as a safety measure.

Issues about the Signs of Appendicitis

It is important to pay attention to the signs of appendicitis if you suspect that you might be suffering from this illness. Appendicitis in general is a serious condition and in many cases it can even cause death. Appendicitis has many forms of manifestation in patients. There are two main types of appendicitis: chronic appendicitis and acute appendicitis. The signs of appendicitis in the chronic form of the illness are not always detectable. People with chronic appendicitis usually feel a generalized state of internal discomfort, fatigue and lack of energy. In the acute form of the illness, the signs of appendicitis are easier to detect, but they usually occur after the development of complications.

The signs of appendicitis have an unspecific character, also occurring in other conditions and diseases. The signs of appendicitis are usually more difficult to detect in elderly people, people with special conditions and very young children. Appendicitis refers to inappropriate activity of the vermiform appendix, a worm-shaped extension of the colon.

Appendicitis occurs due to blockage of the appendix and its ulterior infection with bacteria. In many cases, the blood vessels that irrigate the large intestine are also obstructed, speeding up the deterioration of the appendix and eventually causing its death. The most common form of treatment for appendicitis involves the extraction of the appendix from the body through a procedure called appendectomy. If the appendix isn’t surgically removed in time, it becomes enlarged, fills up with bacteria and it eventually bursts, causing serious internal complications.

Considering the fact that the illness usually evolves rapidly, it is important to timely spot the first signs of appendicitis. The most common sign of appendicitis is abdominal pain. Patients perceive this pain in different regions of the abdomen and at different intensities. However, this first sign of appendicitis usually occurs in the umbilical region and later localizes in the right lower side of the abdomen. The abdominal pain seems to amplify with physical effort and any kind of sudden moves. Abdominal pain on breathing, coughing or sneezing is also a sign of appendicitis.

Other signs of appendicitis are loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, constipation or diarrhea, abdominal bloating, bad breath, fatigue and moderate fever.

Although these signs of appendicitis are common in people with acute forms of the illness, they don’t always occur in people with chronic appendicitis. There are also people with acute forms of illness that don’t have any signs of appendicitis at all. This special category of people includes: people with diabetes, people with HIV, people that have previously suffered surgical interventions (organ transplants) and obese people. In the case of people with special conditions, the signs of appendicitis are revealed late, therefore long after the illness becomes severe. Due to the fact that the signs of appendicitis are usually spotted late in some forms of the illness, the patients’ chances of recovery are considerably reduced.

Knowing The Risk Of Gastric Bypass

There is more to gastric bypass than merely controlling stomach size. During gastric bypass surgery, a large portion of the patients stomach is stapled together, leaving a tiny pouch.

When you get your gastric bypass surgery you will have a new stomach that only holds about three tablespoons of food at a time. With your stomach pouch reduced to the size of a walnut, you’ll need to follow a gastric bypass diet.

The surgeon does not remove any part of the stomach or other tissue while doing the gastric bypass operation. This operation is the most common gastric bypass procedure performed. In another more complicated gastric bypass operation, portions of the stomach are removed. In this more complicated gastric bypass operation, portions of the stomach are removed. This is a relatively complex operation. It is recommended against having it reversed.

Results from long-term follow-up data of gastric bypass surgery show that over a five-year period, patients lost 58% of their excess weight.

Eating sweet or sugary foods promotes “dumping,” a reaction which can occur after the gastric bypass operation. Dumping syndrome occurs when the small intestine fills too quickly with undigested food from the stomach, as can happen following gastric bypass surgery.

Other commonly seen complications of gastric bypass surgery include intolerance to some foods, vitamin and mineral deficiency, gallstones, bleeding stomach ulcers, hernia and dehydration. The most important of all, given that gastric bypass patients have a new, tiny stomach to fill is diet.

Another recent problem which is fairly common, especially in menstruating women, after gastric bypass, is anemia. Because many nutrients are not absorbed by the body after gastric bypass, anemia can be a long-term effect. Due to the changes in digestion after gastric bypass surgery, patients may develop such nutritional deficiencies as anemia, osteoporosis, and metabolic bone disease.

The gastric bypass operation reduces the progression and mortality of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. However, this complication only occurs to a very small degree in the gastric bypass operation. One of biggest advancements in the gastric bypass operation has been the technique used to enter into the abdomen through the laparoscopic approach.

Gastric bypass surgery creates dramatic changes in the size and shape of the stomach. Barely 16 months after gastric bypass surgery, which reduced your stomach to the size of a hard-boiled egg, a patient is able to shed 185 pounds.

Laparoscopic Surgery – A New Approach in the Medical Treatment for Morgagni Hernia

Morgagni hernia is a type of hernia that occurs due to congenital abnormalities at the level of the retroxiphoid area. The congenital abnormalities presented by people with Morgagni hernia involve an unusual positioning of the diaphragm. In patients diagnosed with Morgagni hernia, the diaphragm takes the shape of a triangle, and this triangular region has been called “the foramen of Morgagni”. Morgagni hernia commonly occurs in the right side of the lower abdomen, although the congenital diaphragmatic defect is sometimes bilateral.

The process of diagnosing Morgagni hernia can be very problematic for doctors, as most patients with this type of hernia don’t always have specific symptoms. In some cases, the hernia can generate gastrointestinal or respiratory symptoms, rendering doctors unable to promptly establish a correct diagnose. Sometimes, Morgagni hernia can involve obstruction of the bowel, in which case the disorder is easier to identify. The most common symptoms of hernia in both children and adults are: abdominal pain that intensifies with movement, swollen abdomen, difficulty breathing, nausea and vomiting.

When doctors suspect the presence of Morgagni hernia in patients, they can reveal additional signs of the disorder by performing X-ray tests, computerized tomography, MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), or laparoscopy. In the last few years, laparoscopy has proved to be a very reliable medical procedure, suitable for both diagnosing and treating Morgagni hernia. Laparoscopic surgery is performed via a laparoscope, a thin, tube-shaped medical instrument that has a small camera attached to its lower end. The laparoscope is introduced inside the body through the oral cavity and down the esophageal tract, until it reaches inside the abdominal cavity. The doctors are able to observe the progress of the procedure on a TV screen, receiving real-time images captured by the laparoscopic video-camera.

Laparoscopic surgery has revolutionized the medical treatment for many types of internal disorders and nowadays this modern medical procedure is preferred by surgeons over traditional surgery. Traditional surgery, also referred to as open surgery, requires wide abdominal or thoracic incisions. Open surgery has a high morbidity rate, as patients can develop a wide range of post-operative complications (internal bleeding, infections, etc). People who suffer traditional, open hernia surgery recover slowly and need to remain in the hospital for a few weeks after the operation. Also, patients who suffer traditional surgery remain with large, prominent abdominal scars.

Laparoscopic surgery is much safer than the traditional approach, as the procedure can be performed a lot faster and requires smaller incisions. Laparoscopic surgery minimizes the risks of complications and hence, has a very low morbidity rate. Patients who suffer laparoscopic surgery recover a lot faster and they need a shorter period of hospitalization. Furthermore, thanks to the small incisions required in laparoscopic surgery, patients remain with minimal abdominal scars. Laparoscopic surgery is a reliable medical procedure in the treatment of Morgagni hernia. Due to its various advantages, this modern form of surgery is preferred both by surgeons and patients.

Lap-Band Surgery Is A Promising Treatment For Obesity

Even with the tremendous emphasis on diet, fitness, and nutrition in our society, the problem of obesity is increasing throughout the western world.

According to most experts, the cause of obesity is quite simple. A person gains weight when he or she consumes more calories than they burn. This involves both diet and level of physical activity, because it is primarily physical activity that burns off calories that are taken in through food.

Recent statistics for various countries around the world suggest that obesity has reached epidemic levels in the worst offending countries. By definition, a person is considered “obese” when his or her health is endangered by the amount of fat stored in his or her body.

According to a recent study, the percentage of people 15+ years old who are technically obese has reached 30.6% for the U.S.A., 24.2% in Mexico, and 22.4% in the U.K. European countries fare a bit better.

That means, almost 1 in 3 Americans are so severely overweight that they have health problems because of it.

** What happens when diets and exercise don’t work?

In spite of all the hype surrounding diet, exercise, and nutrition as solutions to the problem of obesity, millions of people cannot make these solutions work. They simply don’t have the will power, discipline, or motivation to enter into a long term program that requires a radical change of lifestyle.

The consequences for people who are overweight or obese are just as serious for those who cannot get their weight down using these traditional techniques. They are just as susceptible to heart disease, strokes, and diabetes. So it is certainly in their interest to find a “non-traditional” solution that will help them lose weight.

** Gastric Surgery works for some people

One interesting new technique for helping people lose weight involves various “gastric surgery” procedures. The object of most gastric surgery is to limit the amount of food passing through the stomach and intestine. It normally does this by constricting the size of the stomach so it is filled much faster, food moves through more slowly, and therefore the ability and desire to eat is significantly reduced.

One of the most successful and least invasive is the technique called Lap-Band Surgery, which involves using a device called the LAP-BAND Adjustable Gastric Banding System. The most important component of the LAP-BAND Systems is an adjustable band that circles the stomach about two thirds of the way up from the bottom.

The band is usually a silicone elastomer hollow ring filled with saline which is placed around the upper part of the stomach. This creates a new small stomach pouch in the top portion of the stomach. The larger part of the stomach is below the band. This way, the primary food storage area in the stomach is reduced.

Food in the stomach can still pass from the upper part of the stomach to the lower part for proper digestion, but the constriction makes this process go much more slowly. So a person who has had this procedure done can only eat enough to fill the primary stomach area above the band before feeling full. The net result is that he or she eats less, and gradually loses weight.

** Safest and least invasive

The Lap-band procedure is normally done using laparascopic surgery which is considered minimally invasive. With laparascopic surgery a few small incisions are made in the abdominal wall, and then narrow hollow tubes are inserted into the abdomen. The surgical tools and a small camera are then inserted through the tubes.

A small tunnel is made behind the top of the stomach. Then the band is pulled around the stomach to form a ring. The band is then locked in place with a simple locking device which holds the band securely in a circle around the stomach.

The band is then connected by a tube to a reservoir placed just beneath the skin. This allows the doctor to make adjustments to the band as the effectiveness of the system is monitored.

The size of the band controls the size of the passage (stoma) between the upper and lower portions of the stomach. The surgeon in charge of the procedure can later control the amount of saline in the band by adding solution to the reservoir or drawing it off through the skin with a fine needle. These adjustments can be done quickly and without further surgery.

** An effective alternative for combating obesity

In a clinical trial conducted in the U.S., 61% of lap-band surgery patients lost at least 25% of their excess weight. 52% lost at least 33% of their excess weight. 22% lost at least 50% of their excess weight, and 10% lost at least 75% of their excess weight.

This technique is not for everyone, but it is a very promising alternative to traditional diet and fitness regimes. The lap-band procedure requires a significant change in eating habits, and it takes time — doctors recommend a program of gradual weight loss over 18 months to 3 years.

But the payoff is significantly reduced weight and a longer, healthier life for many thousands of people.

Precautions To Be Taken Before Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery can involve a lot of preparation before you actually get to the hospital. You may find that it can get so hectic that you don’t have time to feel nervous, then again you may not. As it is a major surgery and will require a lot of healing time afterwards.

After you’ve had the prerequstite visits with your doctors and been approved by your insurance you will set a date and begin countdown. This can be a stressful time to anyone. You may wish to sit down with your family and discuss the surgery and what changes you will need to make to your diet and lifestyle. You will need to tell them that you’ll need their support, especially in the time immediately following your surgery as you will be at your weakest then.

Some doctors suggest that their patients arrange to have an in home nurse visit them after the surgery to help them with their daily activities and to take care of themselves for a few hours each day. This can be extremely helpful especially for those patients that don’t have family nearby to take care of them or that have a family member that leaves for work during a part of the day.

You will also begin appointments with a nutrionist, hopefully. Your nutritionist will help you with your diet, and if they have experience working with patients that have had bariatric surgery they will tell you what to expect. This is also a good way to help you stay on your new diet after the surgery.

Lastly you will want to buy any items you feel you need for after the surgery. You may be spending a lot of time in bed or sitting on the couch so you might want to buy a couple of pillows. Plus you can get a head start on your new diet by buying some of the clear liquids that you will eat beforehand so you have them available.

Things You Need To Know About Gastric Bypass Surgery

Gastric bypass is a kind of surgical interference that is mostly used for significant weight loss if you are over weight. This surgical interference reduces your calorie intake. After the surgery, stomach will be small and you feel full faster to reduce amount of food. Part of stomach with small intestine will be literally skipped over so less amount of calories. Gastric bypass is also known as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, Bariatric surgery – gastric bypass.

In Gastric by pass stomach is made small by creating a new small pouch at the top of abdomen by using plastic bands or surgical staples. The smaller stomach connected directly with the middle portion of small intestine called as jejunum, bypassing the remaining part of stomach and upper potion of small intestine called as duodenum. After performing Gastric bypass the patient is recommended to reduce the quantity of his intake food as small intestine absorbs less calories at this stage. This leads to weight reduction.

Doctors will only recommend for bypass surgery if you have no other way to lose weight and it is only considered if your body mass index 40+. Bypass surgery usually needs 4 to 6 day hospital stay. Most people return to normal activities within 20 to 30 days. Gastric bypass may sometime cause dumping syndrome. Dumping syndrome occurs when food moves very quickly through stomach and intestines, which causes sweating, weakness, faintness, nausea and sometimes diarrhea just after eating. These symptoms may go worse by taking high calorie foods.

As other surgeries, gastric bypass surgery also includes risks. Risks include:

1. Leak from stomach into abdominal cavity that can cause peritonitis.
2. Blood clot in lung.
3. Vitamin B12 deficiency- this occurs in near about 30% cases.
4. An iron deficiency anemia- this occurs in 50 cases.
5. Possibility of ulcers in 10% to 20% cases.

The weight reduction results after gastric bypass surgery are normally steady. Most patients reduce an average of 8 pounds every month and can reach towards stable weight between 20 and 25 months. Usually, greatest rate of weight loss take place in very beginning i.e. just after the surgery when you are just on liquid diet.

You will need a regular check up with doctor usually during first year. Your physician will evaluate your mental and physical health status, including weight change and your nutritional requirements. With help of a physician, dietitian and nutritionist, you can reduce your weight effectively through gastric bypass.

Tips If You’re Considering Laser Eye Surgery

Each eye surgery and each patient is unique. In spite of this, there are a number of universal tips that can help patients better prepare for eye surgery and speed their recovery time.

First and foremost,
 Take the extra time you need to find a reputable surgeon with extensive experience in your type of surgery.
o Finding the right doctor is the critical first step in the surgery process. Your eye surgery will only be successful if it is performed by a qualified medical professional. Selecting a doctor based on cost alone is rarely a good move, since surgeons offering cheaper solutions usually do so because they are inexperienced in performing that type of surgery. Keep in mind that should complications arise, you want someone who knows how to quickly and effectively deal with the situation and minimize any damage to your eye.

 Thoroughly research the procedure you will be undergoing before signing any consent forms.
o This includes taking the time to ask your surgeon any questions you may have about the procedure. A good doctor will take the time to answer all of your questions, as well as inform you of any potential risks and side-effects of the surgery. Take advantage of this and be sure you are fully comfortable with the procedure before you agree to undergo the surgery.

 Follow all of the pre-operative procedures recommended by your doctor.
o Your surgeon may advise you to avoid certain medications, foods, or activities (such as smoking and drinking alcohol) before undergoing eye surgery. These restrictions are put in place to ensure your eyes are in good condition for the procedure, giving you the best possible chance for a successful surgery and a quick recovery period. Failure to abide by these restrictions may put your health and the success of your surgery at risk.

 Stop wearing contact lenses in advance of the surgery, as directed by your doctor.
o Since contact lens rest directly on your eye, they exert pressure on the cornea and can actually change the shape of your eye. This is an importance consideration for individuals undergoing eye surgery, especially patients of refractive eye surgery to correct their vision. In order for the procedure to be successful, it is necessary to pinpoint those regions of the eye that need to be treated. If your eye is not in its normal natural shape or state, any attempts to correct visual impairments will not be successful. For this reason, surgeons will request that many eye surgery patients stop wearing contact lenses anywhere from two to four weeks prior to the procedure.

 Get a good night’s sleep the night before the surgery.
o A well-rested patient is less likely to be unduly anxious and will recover more quickly than someone who is stressed and suffering from lack of sleep. Remember – adequate sleep is necessary to stay healthy.

 Make arrangements to have someone you trust drive you home from the surgery.
o Your vision will be blurry and you may be under the effects of a sedative after undergoing your eye surgery. Regardless of the type and extent of the procedure, patients are in no condition to drive immediately after the surgery. Ensure your safety and well-being by arranging for a ride home in advance.

 Know what side-effects you may experience before undergoing the procedure
o Inquire about potential side-effects and make sure you know what to expect during the recovery period before you go in for the procedure. On your surgery day, you will likely be distracted and anxious and will not retain much information. It’s important to know what to look out for after your surgery so you can catch any potential problems immediately, before they can cause significant damage and jeopardize your health.

 Call your doctor immediately if you experience any unusual side-effects
o If you experience anything unusual or are concerned about how you are recovering from your procedure, contact your doctor immediately. Refer to the potential side-effects of the procedure as discussed above, and use these as your guidelines for what is normal and to be expected. If in doubt, err on the side of caution and call your doctor – it’s always better to be safe than sorry.

 Take all medication as prescribed.
o The medication prescribed by your surgeon is designed to speed the healing process and protect your eye from adverse side effects. Therefore, it is imperative that you take all medication as prescribed.

 Avoid touching, rubbing, or bumping your eye while it is healing.
o Any direct contact with your eye while it is healing can result in damage to the eye and may result in severe complications. Wearing an eye shield as needed, especially while you are sleeping, can help you avoid unnecessary contact with your eye.

 Avoid makeup, lotions, and creams while your eye is healing.
o These items can interfere with the eye’s natural healing ability and prolong your recovery period.

 Stay away from medications that can interfere with your body’s natural healing process, such as steroids
o Some medications can prevent your eye from properly healing and delay the recovery process.

And last, but not least
 Give yourself time to recover from the surgery before jumping back into your busy life
o Keep in mind that you are recovering from an invasive procedure. It will take some time before you start feeling like your normal self. Taking it easy for a few days will enable your body to rest and heal faster than it will if you subject it to undue stress.

Tummy Tuck Cost – Is it Affordable?

Tummy tuck or abdominoplasty, as it is known in medical terms is the best possible way to shape up your lower stomach when excessive fat accumulates around the lower abdominal muscles and it looses its elasticity. There are different types of tummy tucks for different cases. Some involve mild shaping up while other may require a complete operation for removal of the excessive fat and skin, tightening up the abdominal muscles and repositioning the naval.

Stats show that more and more people are opting for a tummy tuck, which is not only safe but also more affordable now (the cost is being reduced). Majority of people who delay tummy tuck do so because of the cost factor. The cost is high and usually between $2500 and $8500 for a tummy tuck, the cost depends upon the reputation of team you hire, length and complexity of the procedure along with the ancillary costs associated with the tummy tuck. The various factors which are effective in determining the cost for a tummy tuck are:

1. Surgeon’s Fees: the cost depends on the tummy tuck surgeon’s reputation.
2. Medical Tests cost: tests you need to undergo, before the actual operation, to be declared fit for the operation.
3. Operation Room Fees: a mild shapeup can be performed within a surgeon’s operation theatre while a major tummy tuck has to be performed in a hospital.
4. Anesthesiologist fees: depends on the team you are hiring.
5. Room/bed cost: If the tummy tuck was lengthy, complex and the surgeons believe that you have to be kept under medical supervision you’ll have to pay for the room/bed fees as well.
6. Post surgery cost: expenditures on post surgery medical prescription and specially designed compression garments.

A tummy tuck is more affordable today due to a number of reasons, first and foremost is that most of the surgeons are offering financing options. Insurance agencies may not cover the complete cost of a tummy tuck but certain procedures involved in the operation may be covered by your insurance policy. Most of the surgeons may refer you to professional financial advisors who offer financial advice, in some cases these advisors can prove that the tummy tuck is a medical necessity, in such a case your insurance carrier will have to cover the cost of the entire operation.

You may also want to talk to your insurance agency, informing them of your decision of to undergo tummy tuck surgery, as it may increase the cost of future premiums.

Tummy Tuck Recovery Time

Abdominoplasty, popularly known as Tummy Tuck is a surgical operation for reshaping a disfigured lower stomach. This problem generally occurs after pregnancy in women and after a gastric bypass surgery in men. The procedure is similar to other surgeries and the recovery time depends upon the complexity of the operation in accordance with a particular case.

Patients are likely to feel some pain in the swollen operated area in the first couple of weeks, this will obviously be controlled by your after surgery prescriptions but there are things the patient can take care of to ensure a speedy tummy tuck recovery.

The tummy tuck recovery period generally lasts for a few weeks unless you are overweight and smoke. Mainly the central part takes longer time. For a faster tummy tuck recovery period you must make sure you don’t stretch or strain the abs as this triggers fluid accumulation thereby delaying the tummy tuck recovery. Tummy tuck recovery can be divided into three stages:
1. In the first stage of the tummy tuck recovery stage is the post-operation care for which you have to remain in the hospital. The period may vary from a few hours to three-four days depending upon the complexity of the operation.
2. The second stage starts when you reach home. Patients are prescribed bed rest for a certain period.
3. The last stage starts with maintenance of your new abs, your surgeons will most certainly give you an exercise and dietary schedule which will control optimize the tummy tuck recovery phase, it involves mild exercises and reduces swelling, prevents blood clots and tones the muscles.

In case there is infection around the operation site and experience severe pain call your surgeon or doctor immediately. Some patients may also experience difficulty in breathing, if there is any breathing difficulty, consult your doctor immediately.

Tummy tuck recovery time depends a lot on your own fitness. If you have strong abs then you may recover in about two weeks but for others it may take a little longer. After the surgery the patient may have to wait for six months for the swelling and scar tissues to disappear.